Pediatrics

At-Home Treatments for 5 Common Childhood Ailments

July 23, 2014

At-Home Treatments for 5 Common Childhood Ailments

The weather is nice and our children are spending more time outside. Which is great! But that usually means more injuries and ailments for them. Here are some tips for the correct way to deal with 5 of the most common injuries/ailments that can occur.

1. Burns – A minor burn is red and tender with minor swelling. To treat this, place the burned skin under cold running water to cool the area. Do not put ice on it as it can slow healing. If a blister does form do your best to keep it intact and do NOT pop it. A popped blister will give bacteria a chance to enter and cause infection. Apply a bandage after the wound cools down. Do not put grease, butter or ointment on the burn as this actually keeps the heat in. If the burn was severe enough that the skin was burned off then you need to seek immediate medical attention

2. Insect stings – After a bee sting (or sting by any other stinging insect) you will want to remove the stinger as quickly as possible to prevent more venom from being pumped into the skin. The best way to remove the stinger is to gently scrape horizontally with a credit card or dull end of a knife. It is best to avoid the removal with tweezers as squeezing of the stinger will release more venom into the skin. Seek immediate attention if the child develops difficulty breathing or swelling of the face.

3. Ticks – Most tick bites are harmless and do not lead to infection. And if there has been no travel outside of Nebraska then Lyme disease is not possible. To remove a tick it is best to grab it by the head with tweezers and pull straight up. If the head is still attached do what you can to remove the entire head either with tweezers or a needle. Seek medical attention if your child develops a rash or fever in the next two weeks as there are still a few ticks born infections that can be acquired in this region (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Ehrlichiosis).

4. Head Injury – A bump on the head is a common injury when kids are playing. If they have the following symptoms they need to be seen by a doctor: loss of consciousness (knocked out), vomiting, changes in speech, behavior or gait, changes in vision, confusion, and weakness of arms or legs. A minor headache and perhaps a bump on the head, you can just watch them at home and see how they do

5. Tooth knocked out – this is a common injury that is one of the few that require a dentist’s attention. If a tooth has been completely knocked out retrieve the tooth and put it in milk then call your dentist’s office. They will have an on-call dentist that should be able to care for your child to replace the tooth.

To sum things up, many of the common summer ailments can be handled outside of your physician’s office by using these tips above. However, you should always call your doctor if you have questions or concerns throughout the summer or any time at all. Here’s to a safe rest of the summer!

P.S. As you are having fun in the summer sun, don’t forget to schedule your back to school or sports physicals to make sure your kids are ready when the time comes, it will be here before you know it!

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