What causes blood in the urine? It’s not something you want to talk about, but it’s something you should never ignore. The causes range from not-so-serious to quite serious – so it’s absolutely essential that you contact your primary care provider right away to determine the reason for the bleeding.
Can You Always See Blood in the Urine?
The medical term for blood in urine is hematuria. There are two main kinds: blood you can see in your urine and blood you cannot see (microscopic blood). Some people may have other symptoms, such as pain (back or lower abdomen) and urinary symptoms (burning, urgency, frequency). Others may not have any additional symptoms.
Blood in the Urine Can Be a Symptom of Other Health Issues
Several medical conditions can cause blood to appear in the urine.
- Urinary tract infection
- Kidney stones
- Enlarged prostate in men
- Vaginal bleeding in women
- Kidney disease
- Tumors/cancer in the urinary tract.
To determine what’s causing blood to appear in your urine, you should see your primary care provider for evaluation and routine tests. Less serious causes, such as urinary tract infection, can be treated by your primary care provider. For more serious causes, such as kidney stones, you may be referred to a urologist, which is a surgeon who specializes in the urinary system. An evaluation may include urine tests, a CT scan and an office procedure called “cystoscopy” which uses a camera to look inside the bladder.
Blood in the Urine Can Be a Sign of Cancer
Blood in the urine can be one of the first signs of cancers in your urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, bladder and the collecting system. Risk factors for cancers of the urinary tract include:
- Males older than 55
- Tobacco use (first- or secondhand exposure)
- Work exposures (aromatic amines in dyes), rubber, leather, textiles, diesel, arsenic
- Medications (Pioglitazone, cyclophosphamide)
- Chronic infections of the bladder
- Family history (Lynch syndrome, Cowden disease)
- History of radiation therapy
Don’t ignore this serious symptom. If you see blood in your urine, contact your primary care provider right away.