Wellness Women's Health

Osteoporosis and Bone Health in Women

May 5, 2022

Osteoporosis and Bone Health in Women

Did you know that approximately 1 in 2 women, age 50 and older, will break a bone due to osteoporosis? About 54 million Americans have osteoporosis and low bone mass. This is a disease that is more common in women than men, and can cause serious and painful lifelong consequences if not treated.

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both (BHOF, 2022), and as a result, bones become weak and may fracture. Luckily, this is a disease that can be prevented and treated.

Osteoporosis Prevention

Good nutrition and regular exercise are essential to help keep your bones healthy.

  • Ensure a nutritious diet and adequate calcium intake.
  • Avoid under-nutrition, particularly the effects of severe weight-loss diets and eating disorders.
  • Maintain an adequate supply of vitamin D.
  • Participate in regular weight-bearing activity and exercise.
  • Avoid smoking and second-hand smoking.
  • Avoid heavy drinking.

Osteoporosis Screening

Screening is recommended for all women starting at age 65, and as early as age 50 for some women at high risk.

Risk Factors:

  • Gender: Women are more likely to develop osteoporosis.
  • Age: the older you get, the greater your risk.
  • Race: White or Asian descent are higher risk.
  • Family History: having a parent or sibling with osteoporosis puts you at a higher risk.
  • Body Frame Size: small body frames tend to have a higher risk because they have less bone mass to draw from as they age.
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Alcohol/tobacco use
  • Lowered sex hormone levels

A bone density scan, or DEXA scan, is a special x-ray exam that can detect low bone mass and measure bone mineral density (CDC, 2020). This is the only exam that can diagnose osteoporosis before a broken bone occurs. Talk to your healthcare provider about what you need to do to screen for risk factors today. Reach out to your Primary Care provider for more questions.


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